This bibliography lists publications which the collector of Sudan stamps and postal history should find useful for background information. It is not exhaustive and will be updated from time to time. Publications are listed in the following order:

1. Philatelic Publications
2. Auction Catalogues
3. Military History books
4. General Geographical & Historical books
5. Biographies & Memoirs
6. Government & Official Publications
7. Maps & Guide Books

1. Philatelic Publications

The Postage Stamps of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan, by D.B. Armstrong, Bright & Sons, London, 1912.

Stamps & Posts of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan, by Harold G. D. Gisburn & G. Seymour Thompson, Stanley Gibbons Ltd, London (1947).

Sudan: the Stamps and Postal Stationery of 1867 - 1970, by E.C.W. Stagg, Harry Hayes (1977) ISBN 0 905222 21 0.

Sudan: The Postal Markings, 1867 - 1970, by E.C.W. Stagg, Royal Philatelic Society, London, (1974).

Post Offices and Postal Agencies of the Sudan, 1970 – 1983, by H.R.J. Davies, Sudan Study Group (1984).

Sudan: The Postal Markings of the Travelling Post Offices, 1887 - 1989. By J. F. Dight, Sudan Study Group (1990).

Nineteenth Century Wars in Egypt and the Sudan, by John Firebrace, Stuart Rossiter Trust Fund and Cavendish Philatelic Auctions Ltd., ISBN 0 9527177 3 5.

The Postal History of Sudan by Edward Proud, Proud Bailey Co., Ltd, P.O. Box 74, Heathfield, East Sussex, TN21 8PZ (2006).

Sudan Picture Postcards by Brian Jones, 1997 publication plus Addendum No. 1 (April 2000) and Addendum No. 2 (June 2006)

History of the British Army Postal Service Vol 1 1882-1902 by Edward Proud, Proud bailey Co., Ltd, P.O. Box 74, Heathfield, East Sussex, TN21 8PZ.

History of the Indian Army Postal Service Vol. 1 (1854-1913) by Edward Proud, Proud bailey Co., Ltd, P.O. Box 74, Heathfield, East Sussex, TN21 8PZ

The Posta Europa and 1984 Kehr Catalogue of Interpostals by Ernest A Kehr & Philip Cockrill.

Postal History of the Lado Enclave 1897-1910 by Abbé Gudenkauf, Cockrill Series Booklet No 44.

Recovered Mail by Henri L. Nierinck, Concordia p.v.b.a.

Imperial Airways (and Subsidiary Companies) a History and Priced Check List of the Empire Air Mails, N.C. Baldwin. The “Aero Field” Handbook No. 10. Francis J. Field.

East African Airmails to 1939 by Bill Colley, Pier Point Publishing (1994).

British External Airmails until 1934 by Alexander S. Newall. Kingfisher Press.

Bridging the Continents in Wartime – important Airmail Routes 1939-1945 by Hans E. Aitink and Egbert Hovenkamp, Stiching Luchtpostgeschiedenis Tweede Wereldoorlog (2005).

Air Crash mail of Imperial Airways and predecessor Airlines by Kendall CV. Sanford, The Stuart Rossiter Trust Fund (2003).

Movements of Aircraft on Imperial Airways’ African Route 1931-1939 by Peter Wingent, published by the author (1991).

2. Auction Catalogues (listed in date order)

The Palace Collections of Egypt, 12-18 February, 1954, H. R. Harmer Ltd.,

William C. Hinde, Egypt al Sudan, 16 & 17 October, 1957, Robson Lowe Ltd.,

Brigadier F. T. R. Darley, O.B.E., British Empire sale, 6 September 1961, Robson Lowe Ltd.,

Byam’s Egypt, 24 & 25 October, 1961, Robson Lowe Ltd.,

J. H. F. Rudkin, British Africa & Asia sale, 6 November 1973, Robson Lowe ltd.,

Col. J. R. Danson Collection of Sudan, 28 & 29 April, 1977, Robson Lowe International Ltd., Geneva.

Col. H. E. Hebbert Sudan & a further portion of the Col. J. R. Danson Collection, 10 November, 1977, Robson Lowe Ltd.,

Near East – Egypt with Foreign Post Offices including Sudan, 6 April, 1978, Robson Lowe International Ltd.,

Carl Hardiman-Smith – Sudan, British Africa sale, 20 June, 1979, Harmers of London

Major E. C. W. Stagg – Sudan, British Empire sale 11 & 12 February, 1981, Robson Lowe Ltd., London.

Near East including Sudan 1 June, 1983, Robson Lowe international in Zurich.

British Commonwealth including Sudan 8-10 June, 1983, Harmers of London

The “Osprey” collection of Aviation and Airpost Covers and Cards 3 & 4 November 1983, Phillips.

Postal History Auctions – the Gore-Anley correspondence, 13 November 1984, Christie’s Robson Lowe, London.

Basil Owen – Sudan, 25 August, 1985, Winchester Stamp Auctions.

Graham Cooper – Sudan, British Empire sale, 18 June, 1986, Christie’s Robson Lowe, London.

Postal History Auctions – Sudan section, 16 January, 1987, Holden & Pemberton Ltd.,

Sudan, 16 January, 1987, Sheraton & Peel Ltd.,

‘Brabant’ Collection – Belgian Congo – Lado Enclave section 13 May 1987, Christie’s Robson Lowe, Zurich.

Egypt & Sudan, 16 October, 1987, Holden & Pemberton Ltd.,

V.E.F. Eyre – Sudan, British Empire sale, 15 December 1987, Christie’s Robson Lowe, London.

Egypt & Sudan, 26 February, 1988, Holden & Pemberton Ltd.,

Africa - Sudan section, 6 December, 1988, Holden & Pemberton Ltd.,

Postal History Auctions – Sudan section, 6 January, 1989, Holden & Pemberton Ltd.,

Africa - Sudan section, 29 March, 1989, Sheraton & Peel Ltd.,

Henry Mauerberger – Sudan, Stamps and Postal History, All World, 1-3 May, 1989, Habsburg, Feldman, Zurich.

Brian Cartwright – Sudan, British Commonwealth Postage Stamps sale – 17 May 1990, Phillips, London.

Sudan section - British Empire Stamps and Postal History, 12 December, 1990, Christie’s Robson Lowe.

Sudan section - British Empire Stamps and Postal History, 18 September, 1991, Christie’s Robson Lowe.

Sudan section - British Commonwealth Postage Stamps sale – 6 February, 1992, Phillips, London.

Giovanni Freschi – British Commonwealth with Sudan, 11 March, 1993, Harmers of London.

Sudan section – Airmails of the World etc., 30 March 1993, harmers of London

Sudan section - British Empire Stamps and Postal History, 9 March, 1994, Christie’s Robson Lowe.

Duncan Carter – Sudan - British Empire Stamps and Postal History, 13 September, 1994, Christie’s Robson Lowe.

Sudan section - British Empire Stamps and Postal History, 14 & 15 July, 1997, Christie’s Robson Lowe.

Sudan section - British Empire Stamps and Postal History, 6 March, 1998, Christie’s Robson Lowe. (Note: unsold lots from this sale were re-offered at Colin Boston’s main sale at Phillips on 1 & 2 June, 2000)

‘Oscar’ Egypt & Sudan Stamps and Postal History – 15 February, 1999, David Feldman, Zurich.

Sudan section – General sale No. 476 5th May, 1999, Warwick & Warwick.

Dr. Soli F. Contractor – Indian Postal History- External Campaigns, 16 December 1999, Spink.

Colin Boston – Sudan - Fine stamps and Covers of the World, 1 & 2 June, 2000, Phillips.

Peter Langmead – Sudan Telegraphs 21 October 2000, Cavendish Philatelic Auctions Ltd.,

John Firebrace Collections of Military Postal History, 16 May 2001, Cavendish Philatelic Auctions Ltd.,

Peter Langmead – Army & Military Telegraphs 1 November 2001, Grosvenor Philatelic Auctions.

Kjell Johansen, Norton Collier & Richard Stock, 6 December 2002, Cavendish Philatelic Auctions Ltd.,

Walter Bjork – WW2 Mail of Africa (Sudan section) 6 March 2004, Cavendish Philatelic Auctions Ltd.,

William Frazer Exhibition Collection - Sudan, 20 May 2004, Spink.

Norton Collier Sudan Collection Part 1, 3 March 2005, Cavendish Philatelic Auctions Ltd.,

Norton Collier Sudan Collection Part 2, 22 September, 2005, Cavendish Philatelic Auctions Ltd.,

Sir Gawaine Baillie Bt., Philatelic Collection, Volume V, British Africa, 24 & 25 November, 2005, Sotheby’s.

C.F. Hass Collection Part 1, 9 June, 2006, Cavendish Philatelic Auctions Ltd.,

Edward Proud – Sudan section – Stamps and Covers of the World, 11 July, 2006, Spink.

Col. P.W. Machell correspondence – Sudan section – British Empire Stamps and Covers, 8 November 2006, Spink.

Gordon Russell Collection – Stamps and Covers of the World, 6 & & December 2006, Spink.

Important Stamps and Covers of the World – Sudan item, 6 June, 2007, Spink. C.F. Hass Collection Part 2, 21 June, 2007, Cavendish Philatelic Auctions Ltd.,

Sir John Inglefield-Watson Bt., Collection, 3 October 2007, Spink.

Gerald Sattin Collection Part 2 - Soldiers’ Rates of the British Empire to 1898, 4 June 2008, Spink.

Richard S. Wilson Collection – British Military Forces in Egypt and Sudan 1801-1913, 10 December 2008, Spink.

3. Military History Books

The War in Egypt and the Soudan (4 vols) by Thomas Archer Blackie & Son, London (1887).

Cassell’s History of the War in the Soudan (6 vols) by James Grant, Cassell & Co., (1886)

The British in the Sudan 1898-1956 edited by Robert O. Collins and Francis M. Deng, MacMillan (1984).

The Mahdîya – a History of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 1881-1899 by A.E. Theobald, Longmans, (1951).

The Egyptian Soudan its Loss and Recovery by Henry S.L. Alford and W. Dennistoun Sword, Richard Clay & Sons Ltd., (1898), reprinted by the Naval and Military Press., (1992)

From Korti to Khartum by Col. Sir Charles Wilson, William Blackwood & Sons (1885). The Campaign of the Cataracts by Col. Sir W.F. Butler, Sampson Low, Marston, Searle and Rivington (1887).

With the Camel Corps up the Nile by Count Gleichen, London Chapman & Hall Ltd (1888).

Suakin 1885 – being a sketch of the campaign of this year by “an officer who was there”, London, Keegan, Paul Trench & Co., (1885).

The Mahdi of Sudan and the Death of General Gordon by Fergus Nicoll, Sutton Publishing (2004).

The River War – an Account of the Re-conquest of the Sudan by Winston S. Churchill, Eyre & Spottiswoode (many editions and reprints) With Kitchener to Khartoum by G.W. Steevens, William Blackwood & Sons (1898).

Khartoum Campaign 1898 or the Reconquest of the Sudan by Bennet Burleigh, London, Chapman & Hall (1899).

Towards Khartoum 1896 – the Story of the Soudan War of 1896 by A. Hilliard Atteridge, London, A.D. Innes & Co., (1897).

The Royal Engineers in Egypt and the Sudan by Lt. Col. E.C.W. Sandes, The Institution of Royal Engineers, Chatham (1937).

A Good Dusting – The Sudan Campaigns 1883-1899 by Henry Keown-Boyd, Leo Cooper (1986).

War on the Nile, Britain, Egypt and the Sudan 1882-1898, by Michael Barthorp, Blandford Press (1984)

Dervish – the Rise and Fall of an African Empire, by Philip Warner, Purnell Book Services Ltd., (1973)

The Dervish Wars – Gordon & Kitchener in the Sudan 1880-1898 by Robin Neillands, John Murray (1996).

Karari – the Sudanese Account of the Battle of Omdurman by ‘Ismat Hasan Zulfo translated by peter Clark, Frederick Warne (1980).

Omdurman by Philip Ziegler, Collins (1973).

Omdurman 1898: the Eye-witnesses Speak edited by Peter Harrington and Frederic A. Sharf, Greenhill Books (1998)

The Last Charge – the 21st Lancers and the Battle of Omdurman by Terry Brighton, The Crowood Press (1998).

Khartoum – The Ultimate Imperial Adventure by Michael Asher, Penguin Books (2005).

England’s Pride – the Story of the Gordon Relief Expedition by Julian Symons, White Lion Publishers (1965)

Canadians on the Nile 1882-1898 by Roy MacLaren, University of British Columbia Press (1978)

Records of the Nile Voyageurs 1884-1885 – The Canadian Contingent in the Gordon Relief Expedition, edited by C.P. Stacey, The Champlain Society (1959)

History of the Sudan Campaigns 1884-85 by Col. H. E. Colville C.B., The Battery Press (1996) reprint.

The River Column – a narrative of the advance of the river column of the Nile expeditionary force, and its return down the rapids by Major-General Henry Brackenbury, C.B., The Battery Press (1993) reprint.

The Battle of Tofrek, The Naval & Military press Ltd (reprint) Fuzzy Wuzzy – the Campaigns in the Eastern Sudan 1884-85 by Brian Robson, Spellmount Ltd, (1993)

Fighting the Fuzzy Wuzzy, by E.A. De Cosson,Greenhill Books (reprint) 1990.

But Little Glory – The New South Wales contingent to the Sudan, 1885, edited by Peter Stanley, Military Historical Society of Australia (1985)

Sudan – the Reconquest Reappraised, edited by Edward M Spiers, Frank Cass (1998).

Desert Warfare – being the chronicle of the Eastern Soudan Campaign by Bennet Burleigh, Chapman & Hall (1884) (Ken Trotman Military History Monograph) (reprint 1988)

The Fashoda incident of 1898 by Darrell Bates, Oxford University Press (1984).

Conflict on the Nile – the Fashoda Incident, 1898, by Patricia Wright, Heinemann, London (1972).

The Race to Fashoda by David Levering Lewis, Bloomsbury Publishing Ltd., (1988). Tales of the Sudan Defence Force (1981)

British Military Operations in Egypt and the Sudan – a selected bibliography by Harold E. Raugh Jr. The Scarecrow press (2008).

4. General Geographical and Historical Books

Sudan Transport – A History of Railway, marine and River Services in the Republic of Sudan by Richard Hill, Oxford University Press (1965).

A Modern History of Sudan by P.M. Holt, Weidenfeld & Nicolson (1961).

Sudan Days and Ways by H.C. Jackson, MacMillan & Co., (1954).

The Southern Sudan 1883-1898 – a struggle for control by Robert O. Collins, Yale University Press (1964).

The Nile Quest – a Record of the Exploration of the Nile and its Basin by Sir Harry Johnston, Alston Rivers Ltd., London (1906)

The Discovery of the Nile by Gianni Guadalupi, Swan Hill Press (1988).

Sudan – Ancient Treasures edited by Derek A. Welsby and Julie R. Anderson, The British Museum Press (2004).

The Sudan: Caught in Time: Great Photographic Archives by M. W. Daly & L.E. Forbes, Garnet Publishing (1994).

Sudan Today, University press of Africa (1971).

5. Biographies and Memoirs


The Life of Gordon by Demetrius C. Boulger, T. Fisher Unwin, London (1896)

Life of General Gordon published by Walter Scott Ltd., Events in the Life of Charles George Gordon by Henry William Gordon, Kegan, Paul, Trench & Co., (1886).

The Journals of Major-General C.G. Gordon at Khartoum Kegan, Paul, Trench & Co., (1885).

Charles George Gordon by Colonel Sir William F. Butler, MacMillan & Co., (1889).

Gordon – Martyr and Misfit by Anthony Nutting, The Reprint Society (1966).

The Road to Khartoum – A Life of General Charles Gordon by Charles Chenevix Trench, Dorset press (1979).

Gordon – the Man Behind the Legend by John Pollock, Constable (1993).

Life of Lord Kitchener (3 vols.) by Sir George Arthur, MacMillan (1920).

Kitchener – The Road to Omdurman by John Pollock, Constable (1998).

Kitchener – The Road to Omdurman and Saviour of the Nation (combined edition) by John Pollock, Constable (2001).

Kitchener – Portrait of an Imperialist by Philip Magnus, John Murray (1958).

Kitchener’s Sword-Arm – The Life and Campaigns of General Sir Archibald Hunter by Archie Hunter, Spellmount (1996).

Ten years Captivity in the Mahdi’s Camp 1882-1892 from the original manuscripts of Father Joseph Ohrwalder by Major F.R. Wingate, Sampson Low, Marston & Co., (1893).

A Prisoner of the Khaleefa – Twelve Years’ Captivity at Omdurman by Charles Neufled, London, Chapman & Hall (1899).

Fire and Sword in the Sudan by Rudolf von Slatin, Arnold (1896).

Wingate of the Sudan – the Life and Times of General Sir Reginald Wingate by Sir Ronald Wingate, John Murray (1955)

Osman Digna by H.C. Jackson, Methuen & Co., (1926)

The True Blue – the Life and Adventures of Col. Fred Burnaby 1842-1885, by Michael Alexander, Spottiswoode Ballantyne & Co., (1957)

Between Two Flags – The Life of Baron Sir Rudolf von Slatin Pasha by Gordon Brook-Shepherd, Weidenfeld & Nicolson (1972)

Soldiers of the Nile – a Biographical History of the British Officers of the Egyptian Army 1882-1925 by Henry Keown-Boyd, Thornbury Publications (1996).

Alî Dînâr – Last Sultan of Darfur 1898-1916 by A.H. Theobald, Longmans (1965).


Wheels and Paddles in the Sudan 1923-1946 by C.R. Williams, The Pentland Press (1986).

6. Government and Official Publications

Report on Finances, Administration and Conditions in the Sudan:

Annual reports of the pre-independence Sudan Government published in London. Briefly reports on all aspects of governmental activity with a departmental report from Posts and Telegraphs where the emphasis is upon changes and developments during that year, the volume of business, route improvements, opening / closing of P.O’s etc.

Sudan P & T Guides :

Published annually and the definitive guide for postal rates etc., Sudan Almanacs Published annually with a wealth of information on contemporary conditions in the Sudan and its historical background. Most issues include information on the Posts and Telegraph services, a list of post offices and postal agencies open during that year and postal rates current at the time of going to press.

Sudan Directory:

Published annually and includes information about government, departments, officials, business firms and residents, health, railways and steamer services, timetables, rates and tariffs, statistics and other data.

7. Maps and Guide Books

Large scale map of the Nile between Korti, Khartum and Suakin, Stanford, 1885.
Large scale map of the Nile from Dongola to Khartum, Stanford, 1884.
Map of the Nile, from the Equatorial Lakes to the Mediterranean, Stanford, 1883.
Map of the Nile, from the Equatorial Lakes to the Mediterranean, Stanford, 1898.
General map of Sudan compiled by the Intelligence Office, Khartoum, May 1904.